Sex Discrimination / Gender Discrimination
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is the federal law which makes it illegal to discriminate or retaliate against or otherwise treat unfavorably, an employee or job applicant because that person’s Sex / Gender.
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 also makes it illegal to discriminate against an applicant or employee because that person is married or has an association with a person of a particular gender, or if the person has a connection with any group or organization that is generally associated with a person of a particular gender.
The EEOC makes it illegal to subject employees to negative consequences associated with reporting discrimination or harassment, or participating in an investigation regarding discrimination or harassment. It would therefore be illegal to demote, fire, refuse to promote, harass or otherwise “Retaliate” against employees.
The Discrimination laws enforced by the EEOC forbid Retaliation in any aspect of employment including pay, promotion, layoff, fringe benefits, training, job assignment, hiring, firing and any other condition of employment.
The person engaging in Discrimination may be a manager, supervisor, or a co-worker. Indeed the harasser can be of the same sex or a different sex as the employee or applicant. The person engaging in Discrimination may also be a customer or client of the employer. In essence, the harasser need not be employed by the employer.